Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that combines biology, physics, chemistry, and engineering to alter materials on a nanoscale size ranging from 1 to 100 nanometres. Nanotechnology has a bright future in medicine. Nanotechnology has ushered in a new era in medicine as well as other fields of study. The goal of this research was to see if nanotechnology could be used to treat a variety of reproductive problems. The most promising fields of nanomedicine include in vitro imaging diagnostics and nanoparticle-based cancer treatments. Its usage as a therapeutic method for infertility is a novel technique. The introduction of nanotechnology-related applications and technologies has changed existing preventive, diagnostic, and treatment approaches over the previous decade. This novel method has paved the path for the creation of more advanced and sensitive instruments for studying the systems that underpin disease biology. This has been a primary driving force behind the global health sector's expansion.