Medical problems in pregnancy are becoming more common as a result of a complicated interplay between demographic and lifestyle factors, as well as advances in contemporary medicine. In recent years, maternal mortality and morbidity due to curable medical disorders such venous thromboembolism, epilepsy, and autoimmune illness have not decreased. Despite a significant drop in total maternal mortality, this is the case. It is critical that all physicians gain a basic awareness of medical issues that arise during pregnancy. This comprises pre-pregnancy interventions such as counselling and medical therapy optimization, as well as multidisciplinary care during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Most medications and many radiological investigations can be used throughout pregnancy, and prompt detection and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses is clearly beneficial.