Endoscopy is the direct inspection of an organ or cavity through natural orifices or small incisions using an endoscope. They get more accurate and dependable information this way than they would if they used other external exploratory strategies. Gynecological endoscopy is a surgical procedure that use optical devices to diagnose the most common female illnesses and pathologies, such as infertility, minor vaginal internal bleeding, and endometrial polyps, among others. Gynaecological endoscopy employs hysteroscopy and laparoscopy for these goals. Thanks to significant technological advancements, as well as the sophistication and downsizing of the equipment utilised, gynaecological endoscopy as we know it today is possible. The use of gynaecological endoscopy for disease diagnosis by professionals with experience in its monitoring ensures maximum efficiency and reliability in image interpretation while reducing the risk of consequences. In terms of surgical applications, it has made it possible to treat gynaecological disorders in a far less invasive manner. This technique permits a patient to be operated on without having to significantly alter her work or social activities, while still ensuring that the procedure is effective. In conclusion, gynaecological endoscopy is one of the most recent, most effective, and least intrusive surgical procedures utilised for both diagnosis and treatment of gynaecological problems.