Gestational diabetes is a disorder that causes elevated blood sugar levels during pregnancy. It affects up to 10% of pregnant women in the United States each year. It affects women who are pregnant but have never been diagnosed with diabetes. Gestational diabetes is divided into two categories. Diet and exercise can help women with class A1 manage their condition. Those with A2 diabetes must use insulin or other drugs. The goal of treatment is to keep your blood sugar levels in check. Special dietary regimens and regular physical activity can be part of it. It may also entail blood sugar tests and insulin shots on a daily basis. GDM problems are typically controllable and avoidable. The key to prevention is to keep blood sugar levels under strict control as soon as diabetes is diagnosed. Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes are at risk for a variety of chemical imbalances, including low serum calcium and magnesium levels, but there are two significant issues with gestational diabetes: hypoglycemia and macrosomia.